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Federal and State Protected Sites, Preserved Mounds
Given as being the most intact Mississipian Culture site in the Southeastern United States, the Etowah Indian mounds area was home to several thousand American Indians between 1000 A.D. and 1550 A.D. The 54-acre site contains six earthen platform mounds, a plaza, village area, borrow pits and defensive ditch.
The name, Etowah (I'tawa), is given as not seeming to be of Cherokee origin and can't be translated. There were one or more places by the name of Etowah. "One, which existed until the Removal in 1838, was upon Etowah river, about the present Hightower, in Forsyth county, Ga. Another may have been on Hightower creek of Hiwassee river in Towns county, Ga...A town, called Itaba, Ytaun or Ytava in the De Soto chronicles, existed in 1540 among the Creeks, apparently on Alabama river." ( Jarrett, R. F., 1916, Occoneechee--The Maid of the Mystic Lake. New York, The Shakespeare Press)
The Cartersville, Bartow County, GA. convention and visitors bureau provides a description of the site and simulated image of what it may have appeared link on their American Indian City page.
A Cartersville City Schools page on the Etowah mounds and Mississippian culture with a link to a map of the mounds.
Georgia State Parks and Historical Sites shows an aerial view of the mounds.
The Etowah Indian Mounds were entered on the National Register of Historic Places on 1966 15 Oct.
Blakely, Early Co.
Georgia State Park information on Kolomoki may be found through the "Find Parks and Historic Sites" link here.
The Kolomoki Mounds and the Swift Creek people.
More information on Kolomoki.
The Kolomoki Mounds were listed with the National Register of Historic Places 1966 15 Oct.
Nacoochee Indian Mound
"Not accessible to the public, this earthen mound is the scenic focus of the west end of the Nacoochee Valley. Built by the Indians during the Mississippian Period, it was partially excavated in 1915...The mound may be seen on the east side of GA Highway 75 just before crossing the Chattahoochee River south of Helen." Nacoochee Indian Mound
Nacoochee Valley entered the National Register of Historic Places on 1980 22 May.
Ocmulgee National Monument
National Park Service virtual visit of Ocmulgee. Shows the Earthlodge and Cornfield mound, Great and Lesser Temple Mound, Funeral Mound, Lamar Mounds and village.
National Park Service page on Macon's Mississippians.
The Lamar Mounds.
Macon Plateau's Georgia Contemporaries
Ocmulgee was entered in the National Register of Historic Places 1966 15 Oct.
Ocmulgee is on the "Potential U.S. Nominations from the Tentative List" for World Heritage Sites. The Indicative Inventory of Potential Future U.S. Nominations to the World Heritage List reads, "Ocmulgee National Monument, Georgia. (32 deg.50' N.; 83 deg.40' W.) The large mounds and surrounding villages at Ocmulgee demonstrates the cultural evolution of the Indian mound-builder civilization in the southern U.S. Criteria: (iii) Bears an exception testimony to a civilization which has disappeared."
Rock Eagle Effigy Mound
A bird effigy mound, 102 feet long and 120 feet wide from wing tip to wing tip. A tower for viewing. The effigy mound if located 9 miles north of Eatonton at the Rock Eagle 4-H Center on US Highway 441/129. Rock Eagle Effigy Mound photo
The Rock Eagle Effigy Mound was entered on the National Register of Historic Places on 1978 23 May.
Roods Creek Mounds
Mississippian Period complex of earthen mounds at the juncture of Roods Creek and the Chattahoochee River. A political and ceremonial center. The site is accessible only through scheduled tours. Roods Creek Mounds
The Roods Landing Site was entered on the National Register of Historic Places on 1975 19 August.
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